Eastern Syriac :ܩܫܵܝܵܐ
Western Syriac :ܩܫܳܝܳܐ
Root :ܩܫܐ
Eastern phonetic :' qša: ia:
Category :adjective, verb
[Science → Natural sciences]
English :1) Maclean : past participle of ܩܵܫܹܐ : a) hard , difficult , rough , turbulent , figurative sense : area : rough / unsafe / disreputable (?) / ill-reputed (?) / ill-famed (?) , b) severe , obstinate , hardheaded , c) grammar : unaspirated ; 2) Oraham ; voir ܩܵܫܹܐ : to thicken , to become thick / thicker / dense / viscous (?) , to condense ; 3) to harden to become hard / harder , person in an ordeal ... : to become hardened (?) / strenthened (?) / toughened (?) , to toughen (?) ; 4) to grow old , to age , to become old / aged ; 5) Bailis Shamun ; intransitive ; see also ܥܵܓܹܪ / ܫܵܪܹܦ / ܚܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܫܹܐ / ܣܲܟܪܸܢ : to roughen / to become rough ; 6) intransitive ; see also ܩܵܪܹܫ / ܩܵܛܹܪ / ܓܵܒܹܢ / ܩܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܫܹܐ / ܐܲܪܕܹܐ / ܒܵܪܹܙ ; cement ... : to set / to become solid or thickend by chemical alteration ... , to become solid / to solidify , to harden / to rigidify , to become fixed features, eyes ... , to become permanent dyeing colour , to stay in place hairstyle ... , to set in habit, mindset ... , to set (?) blossom, fruit / to take form (?) , bone : to set (?) / to become whole by growing together (?) ;
French :1) Maclean : participe passé de ܩܵܫܹܐ : a) dur , difficile , ardu , éprouvant , rude , brusque / brutal sens figuré : accidenté , mal famé (?) , b) sévère , obstiné , têtu / entêté , c) grammaire : non aspiré ; 2) Oraham ; voir ܩܵܫܹܐ : s'épaissir , devenir plus épais / dense / visqueux (?) , mayonnaise : prendre ; 3) durcir / se durcir , devenir plus dur , personne lors d'une épreuve : se renforcer (?) / s'endurcir (?) / en sortir renforcé (?) ; 4) vieillir , prendre de l'âge , devenir vieux / âgé ; 5) Bailis Shamun ; intransitif ; voir aussi ܥܵܓܹܪ / ܫܵܪܹܦ / ܚܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܫܹܐ / ܣܲܟܪܸܢ : devenir rugueux / râpeux , devenir rude , devenir âpre , devenir calleux / devenir calleuses mains ... ; 6) intransitif ; voir aussi ܩܵܪܹܫ / ܩܵܛܹܪ / ܓܵܒܹܢ / ܩܵܪܹܣ / ܩܵܫܹܐ / ܐܲܪܕܹܐ / ܒܵܪܹܙ ; ciment ... : devenir solide / se solidifier / durcir / prendre / s'affermir / faire prise , s'épaissir , se rigidifier / devenir rigide , s'immobiliser / devenir fixe visage, yeux ... / se figer , rester en place coiffure ... , s'installer habitude, état d'esprit ... , prendre forme (?) / se former (?) / se nouer (?) bourgeon, fruit, amitié ... (?) , os : se ressouder (?) ;
Dialect :Eastern Syriac, Classical Syriac

Cf. ܩܫܐ, ܩܫܵܐ, ܩܵܫܵܐ, ܩܸܫܝܵܐ, ܩܸܫܝܘܼܬܵܐ, ܩܸܫܝܵܐܝܼܬ, ܩܲܫܝܼܫܵܐ, ܩܵܫܹܐ, ܩܫܵܐ, ܩܫܹܐ ܩܕܵܠܵܐ

Source : Oraham, Maclean, Bailis Shamun